Front Page Archive
September, 2004
David Sadler For Congress (2002 archive)
12th CD/Illinois

Formisano/Cottini Ischia abstract 'vents'
Welcome Coast Listeners
We Told You So by David Sadler
Formisano's Twilight Zone by Richard C. Hoagland & David Sadler
Microfossils in a Carbonaceous Meteorite by Brig Klyce
A comparison of 'tube-dunes' on Mars
awaiting peer review...
Vittorio Formisano’s & V. Cottini's Ischia Abstract
that all but announces life on Mars ...
Vittoria Formisano’s Ischia Abstract - 2004.09.20
Vittorio Formisano’s & V. Cottini's Ischia Abstract
Scanned abstract image above...
Typed from scanned image below ...


September, 19, 23, 2004

Ischia Island



V. Formisano and V. Cottini
Istituto di Fisica dello Spazio Interplanetario INAF-IFSI, [unreadable] Rome, ITALY

The Planetary Fourier Spectrometer (PFS) on board Mars Express Mission is optimised for atmospheric studies in a wide spectral range, aiming for monitoring the 3-D temperature field, H2O and CO spatial/temporal variations, and identification of gaseous minor species in the atmosphere. Due to the possibility to increase the signal to noise ratio of our data by averaging many measurements (we have collected up today more than 50,000 spectra), we have been able to identify and study some important molecules, among which methane, formaldehyde and HF. The mixing ratios measured are 10+- 5 ppb for methane, 130+-50 ppb for formaldehyde and 70+- 30 ppm for HF. The first two molecules are biomarkers and they pose an important problem: the lifetime against photo dissociation is 300-400 years for methane and 7.5 hours for formaldehyde. Consequently formaldehyde cannot be produced from methane photochemistry. Hetcrogenic (sp) reaction in the soil a priory could generate formaldehyde in presence of certain catalysers. HF is a gas that may indicate presence of hydrothermal vents activity, where conditions favourable to biotic or abiotic origin of formaldehyde may exist. A symbiosis of methanogenic bacteria with methanothropic bacteria in the Martian underground can be an alternative interpretation and looks more likely.

Methane concentration
Methane concentration observed and measured by the ESA PFS
Chart copyright ESA

Extracts from:
Water and methane maps overlap on Mars: a new clue?
European Space Agency: ESA PR 51-2004
20 September 2004

Recent analyses of ESA’s Mars Express data reveal that concentrations of water vapour and methane in the atmosphere of Mars significantly overlap. This result, from data obtained by the Planetary Fourier Spectrometer (PFS), gives a boost to understanding of geological and atmospheric processes on Mars, and provides important new hints to evaluate the hypothesis of present life on the Red Planet.

… New in-depth analysis of PFS data also confirms that methane is not uniform in the atmosphere, but concentrated in some areas. The PFS team observed that the areas of highest concentration of methane overlap with the areas where water vapour and underground water ice are also concentrated. This spatial correlation between water vapour and methane seems to point to a common underground source.

… The PFS instrument has also detected traces of other gases in the Martian atmosphere. A report on these is currently under peer review. Further studies will address whether these gases can be linked to water and methane and help answer the unresolved questions.

… The objective of the PFS instrument is the study, with unprecedented spectral resolution, of temperature fields in the atmosphere, dust, variation and cycle of water and carbon monoxide, vertical distribution of water, soil-atmosphere interactions and minor gaseous species. From this, hints of extant life can be extracted (in terms of the presence of ‘biomarker’ gases and chemical study of atmospheric environmental conditions).
External links:
    • Water and methane maps overlap on Mars: a new clue? // ESA
    • European Space Agency
    • New Mars Data Gives Life Clue // BBC
    • Mars Express Yields Provocative Observations //
    • Interview with Vittorio Formisano // Linda Moulton Howe

A closer look at the Formisano/Cottini Ischia abstract 'vents'
David Sadler
Evidence from independent investigators is building for current vent activity on Mars. Such activity is mentioned as a possibility in the Formisano/Cottini Ischia abstract.
HF is a gas that may indicate presence of hydrothermal vents activity, where conditions favourable to biotic or abiotic origin of formaldehyde may exist.
-- PFS OBSERVATION OF METHANE FORMALDEHYDE AND HF: EXTANT LIFE ON MARS?, V. Formisano and V. Cottini, Istituto di Fisica dello Spazio Interplanetario INAF-IFSI, Rome, Italy, INTERNATIONAL MARS CONFERENCE, September, 19, 23, 2004, Ischia Island, Italy --
NASA image: MER Opportunity :: Panoramic Camera :: Sol 183
NASA image: MER Opportunity :: Panoramic Camera :: Sol 183

As one example, such vent or percolation activity is strongly suggested by Mars Exploration Rover (MER) Opportunity :: Panoramic Camera :: Sol 183 [image] [browse].

See this independent argument for this image being evidence of liquid percolation to the surface of Mars. The stereo pair of this image at this site is quite persuasive. Thanks to Ron McGhee for bringing this to our attention.

1P140443603ESF3182P2549R1M1_h.jpg - 20712 Bytes
NASA image: MER Opportunity :: Panoramic Camera :: Sol 138

Another example of recent running liquid leaving the soil wet and showing eddy trailings is from Opportunity's mission to Meridiani Planum, Panoramic Camera :: Sol 138. [image] [browse].

The eddy deposits behind the obstructions indicate a liquid flow from upper-right to lower-left.

The mystery is not whether there is liquid on the surface of Mars, but why it has not been acknowledged by NASA and the 'scientific' press in the face of such evidence.

External links:
    • A Perfect Geyser From Opportunity, Sol 183 // // Charles W. Shults III
    • Wet Mud In Endurance Crater //, Charles W. Shults III
    • Geyser in Action? NASA Altering Images? //, Charles W. Shults III
    • Mars geyser plume // by Vince DiPietro, published by Dr. Leonard Martin of Lowell Observatory, 1980, NASA Activities (Dec. 1980, vol. 11, number 12)
    • NASA/JPL Rover raw image browsers [Opportunity] [Spirit]

Welcome to the listeners of
Coast to Coast with George Noory

by David Sadler
Hello, my name is David Sadler, and I am the principal author of
Formisano’s Twilight Zone
Parts One and Two as published on the Enterprise Mission.

My co-author for these articles is Richard C. Hoagland.

Paola Harris had nothing to do with the research and the writing of these two articles.

It was I who developed the high-level source to acquire the first Ischia program showing Formisano’s presentation title to be ‘PFS Observed methane, formaldehyde and HS: Extant life on Mars?’ Even though that program title was changed in the second version of the Italian Space Agency’s posted program, it was still used at Ischia today(!) even though it was not addressed by Formisano during his presentation! I will have more to write about this later.

And, it was I who took the time to look up the meaning of the word ‘extant’ and then analyze the use of that word in Formisano’s Ischia program title.

Yet, George Noory has chosen to ignore inviting the principal author of those pieces onto Coast, to discuss Formisano’s first Ischia program title and now to discuss the political implications of Formisano’s actual Ischia presentation. Instead, I am told for that for the sake of ‘show biz’ a known name such a Paola Harris will better serve the show.

Now Harris is on site in Italy for the IMC making her the go to person for reporting on today's Ischia announcements, so that is not the issue. The issue is that Noory has excluded the principal author of this investigative series from his show, which is his right, but he is wrong to do so.

I do not engage in ‘show biz.’ I am on a search for the truth. I am pursuing an agenda that will bring accountability back to the U.S. government and its agencies including NASA. I am pursuing an agenda that will bring real scientific integrity back to science. And I am pursuing an agenda that will acknowledge what many know from first hand experience and direct experiment --- that there is life off Earth.

Enjoy the show, but remember, the principal author is missing from the line up because he was not a ‘star.’ My question is, what does being a 'star' have to do with COSPAR, Ischia, the race to announce life on Mars and the Formisano’s Twilight Zone articles that helped to build the momentum towards Ischia?

David Sadler

• 2004.08.31 •
We Told You So...
original at
Story mast montage copyright by Astrobiology Magazine
• Note the 'Crinoid' fossil candidate - 2nd image from the right.
• This fossil candidate was discovered by Richard C. Hoagland.
• No mention or attribution was made to Hoagland in the article...
On August 30, 2004, Astrobiology Magazine published a story about life on Mars. In the image montage that forms the masthead for this story is a fossil candidate first recognized and published by Richard C. Hoagland.

At the time, Hoagland's find was not only totally ignored by the mainstream scientific press, but Hoagland came under intense personal attack from the likes of FOX, CNN and, in an attempt to discredit him and his potential find.

I detail this attack on Hoagland and explain the media's blackout of this potential historic find in my article, "Ignoring Fossils On Mars."

Hoagland and I find it highly ironic now that Astrobiology Magazine should include this very same image in a very intriguing montage of other Mars Exploration Rover images for this article titled, "Life on Mars: A Definite Possibility," by Henry Bortman. Bortman quotes Benton Clark III, a Mars Exploration Rover (MER) science team member, regarding Clark's speculations of life on Mars.

First, read the Bortman article. It's fascinating. Then, hop in the WayBack Machine and read about this first possible fossil discovered on another planet by a scientist being ignored for his hard science and attacked for his edgy science by the mainstream scientific press.
-- David Sadler, 2004.08.31 --
    • 2004.08.30 • Life on Mars: A Definite Possibility // by Henry Bortman
    • 2004.03.08 • The Curious Case of the NASA Crinoid Cover-Up // By Richard C. Hoagland
    • 2004.03.19 • Ignoring Fossils On Mars // by David Sadler
    • 2004.08.31 • We Told You So // by David Sadler // Enterprise Mission archive
    • 2007.08.24 • Study: Martian soil may contain life / new 1976 Viking landers data analysis by Joop Houtkooper of the University of Giessen, Germany

External links:
    • NASA Astrobiology Institute
    • Astrobiology @ NASA
    • The Astrobiology Web
    • Astrobiology Magazine
    • Astrobiology defined...

• 2004.08.11/18 •
The Race to Announce Life On Mars
AmmoniaSpectrum2.jpg - 29465 Bytes
Mars Express Planetary Fourier Spectrometer Spectrum
Copyright: European Space Agency (ESA)
• 'NH3' is ammonia.
• Why isn't this headline news?!
• Enter Formisano's Twilight Zone...
The world is on the verge of a Galileo Event...

There is a race between the European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA to announce microbial life on Mars.

Within these agencies, there is a race amongst the scientists to be the ones to go down in history as having discovered this life.

This race is being obstructed by odd but familiar behavior within the agencies and the mainstream 'scientific' press.

In the Part 1, notice the obvious conflict between the three points presented. The spectrometer ammonia data is being published by the ESA, promoted by the PFS Instrument Principle Investigator (PI) in his technical abstracts but denied by

In the Part 2, you will be taken to the brink of an official announcement of life on Mars by the European Space Agency's Mars Express PFS Team ... only to find yourself pulled back... into ...
Formisano's Twilight Zone
by Richard C. Hoagland and David Sadler

    • Part 1: 'Ammonia by Any Other Name' // 2004.08.10
    • Part 2: '... "Life on Mars" ... in September?' // 2004.08.18

• 2004.08.24 •
NASA/NSSTC scientist announced today (2 August 2004)
Evidence for Indigenous Microfossils

in a Carbonaceous Meteorite
Why is this not mainstream news?!
Microfossils in the
Orgueil carbonaceous meteorite...
Photo by Alexei Rozanov,
Paleontology Institute,
Russian Academy of Sciences;
Sample courtesy of E. Galimov,
Vernadsky Institute, RAS.
Living cyanobacteria Microcoleus chthonoplastes emerge from wrinkled muscilaginous sheath, showing individual cells in filament, for comparison to microfossils from Orgueil;
Photo by Ludmilla Gerasimenko,
Institute of Microbiology,
Russian Academy of Sciences.
Microfossils in the Orgueil carbonaceous meteorite... Living cyanobacteria Microcoleus chthonoplastes emerge from wrinkled muscilaginous sheath...
Richard B. Hoover of NASA/NSSTC announced today the discovery of evidence for the detection of a fossilized cyanobacterial mat in a freshly fractured, interior surface of the Orgueil carbonaceous meteorite.
Many of the images presented were obtained 21-23 July 2004, using the Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama.
The announcement was made in Denver, Colorado at the "Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology VIII" (Conference 5555) at SPIE's International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology (its 49th Annual Meeting).
... large, extremely complex, and beautifully preserved indigenous microfossils and microbial assemblages ...
... Although many of the forms discovered in the meteorite have not yet been identified, several have. Many of the forms have the correct size of trichomes and sheaths, and exhibit complex morphology, branching, and other features, such as the presence of germlings, heterocysts, apical cells, akinetes, and hormogonia that permit them to be recognized and their taxonomy established in accordance with the characteristics set forth in Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Vol. 1 ...
... Evidence for possible microfossils in meteorites was previously reported in numerous papers by many scientists (Nagy, Claus, Timofeyev, Van Landingham, Palik, McKay, Rozanov, Hoover, etc.) ...
... The recently discovered microfossils are not isolated single cells, but represent mats of cyanobacteria and sulfur bacterial and ecologically consistent communities and assemblages. Hoover concludes that these communities grew on the meteorite's parent body before it entered the atmosphere of Earth ...

    • Evidence for Indigenous Microfossils in a Carbonaceous Meteorite by Brig Klyce

    • CORRECTION: The following correction has been applied as of 2006.01.03. (dss)

-----Original Message-----
From: Brig Klyce
Sent: Thursday, December 22, 2005 5:16 PM
To: David Sadler
Subject: chia.htm#meteor

Dear site manager --

On the subject webpage,

you have the wrong photo under the caption:
"Microfossils in the
Orgueil carbonaceous meteorite...
Photo by Alexei Rozanov,
Paleontology Institute,
Russian Academy of Sciences;
Sample courtesy of E. Galimov,
Vernadsky Institute, RAS.

Two photos of the fossils are attached. I think the error was originally mine. I apologize.

Best regards.

Brig Klyce
Astrobiology Research Trust
3685 South Galloway Drive
Memphis, TN 38111-6835
(901)458-0123 fax -0127